Hyperpigmentation

March 25, 2015



Did you know
It generally takes 10 years for pigmentation to show up on the outside of the skin. So prevention is better than cure.....

What is it? Hyperpigmentation is an over production of melanin in the skin. Melanain is the pigment that gives skin its colour. It is produced by skin cells called melanocytes. Melanin helps protect the skin against damaging UV light. An over production of melanin can lead to a uneven skin tone also known as pigmentation.

How it looks? Flat, darkened patches of skin that are light to brown/black in colour and vary in size and shape

Why do we get Pigmentation? There are many factors which stimulate the melanin in our body.

  • Sun Exposure: When skin is continuously exposed to UV light, sun damage occurs. Pigmentation appears as a result of too much melanin being produced to help protect skin from the UV rays. These pigment spots tend to show up on areas that are always on show to the sun- Face,chest,arms,hands,legs.
  • Pregnancy: Change in hormone levels affects melanin production in some women. This is known as Melasma/Chloasma Pigmentation
  • Contraceptive pill: Estrogen and Progesterone levels are altered to prevent pregnancy. These hormonal changes can cause an over production of melanin and cause areas of pigmentation.
  • Medication: Pigmentation is also a side effect of certain hormone treatments, chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics and other medication drugs.



How can we prevent it? We can prevent pigmentation from showing on our skin by wearing broad spectrum sun cream with a high SPF everyday. (no matter what the weather) And limiting sun exposure. Avoiding certain medications may also prevent hyperpigmentation.


How can you help the appearance of it? Pigmentation is the hardest thing to get rid of. It takes patience and a good skincare routine.

-A course of Microdermabrasion, Glycolic or Chemical peels using active ingredients stimulating your skin cell cycle, which will help shed off old, dead skin. The result? Brighter, Clearer and more Rejuvenated skin.
-Laser treatments will help reduce pigmentation but will sensitise your skin so be very careful.

At Home:
-Using Products with AHA’s (active ingredients able to penetrate down into the lower layers of your skin to gently but actively exfoliate& brighten the skin)
-Use a Brightening Serum in your daily routine(x2day) to help reduce and correct the pigment in your skin. (A serum with active ingredients such as Vitamin A & C, Licorice root and Arbutin)
-Exfoliate 2-3 times a week to remove build up of dead skin cells and help brighten the skin, allowing your products to work deeper and better into the skin
-Wear a broad spectrum sun protection with high spf (30) to protect any more pigment coming up
-Apply a deep cleansing/nourishing face mask 1-2 week to help with the over all complexion of your skin.


There are many products and brands out there today focusing on pigment reversal. Especially here in Australia where pigmentation is a concern of almost every client of mine.


The number one thing to keeping pigment reduced is blocking out the sun. Spf has to be worn everyday to defend against harmful factors attacking our skin, the sun being the worst enemy.


Katie
Xx

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